Visions of the Elderly on Quality of Life in the Family Health Strategy: a Study in the Light of Theory of Giving
Background: To analyze the views of seniors belonging to the Francisco AndrÃ© Coexistence Group about the quality of life in the light of the sociological contributions of the Marcel Maussâ€™ Theory of Gift.
Method: This is a descriptive and exploratory study, with a qualitative approach, with eleven senior citizens of a support group, attached to the Family Health Strategy, of the neighborhood of IgapÃ³, located in Natal-RN. Data were collected using focus groups, and then analyzed based on the thematic analysis content method.
Results: In the view of seniors, the meaning of quality of life was vocalized expressing a polysemic sense related to multiple aspects, highlighting the health status and the reciprocity discussed in the system of the gift. The statements confirmed that the experiences in the group have contributed to improving the quality of life in the several aspects related to the physical and functional capacity, as well as in the emotional and social aspects related to the creation of bonds and improvement of self-esteem. Furthermore, they signaled positive repercussions on the general health status.
Conclusions: The feelings of thankfulness expressed by the group, as well as recognition of the importance of trade and reciprocity in the group, the learning in educational activities and the reflexes projected in the life of each of them; indicated current changes and gifts.
Keywords: Health of the Elderly; Quality of Life; Family Health.
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