Quality of Life and Viral Infections in Adults with Hemophilia*
Keywords:Hemophilia A; Hemophilia B; Adult; Comorbidity; Hepatitis; HIV infections.
Objective: To check the occurrence of viral infections resulting from treatment with blood products and their impact on quality of life in the health of adult patients with hemophilia. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with a convenience sample conducted with an association of patients. Data collection took place in November and December 2015. The evaluation protocol used the application of the SF-36 questionnaire and a form to collect demographic and clinical data. Results: The participants were 49 adult patients with hemophilia, male, with an average age of 32Â±8.5 years old. They had a higher prevalence of hemophilia A in its severe form. Viral infections were more prevalent in those who had hemophilia when hepatitis C was the most frequent infection. Viral infections had a negative impact on quality of life in the â€œphysical capacity,â€ â€œpain,â€ â€œgeneral healthâ€ and â€œmental health.â€ The age of the participants who experienced viral infections resulting from treatment with blood transfusions were significantly higher than the uninfected participants. Conclusion: Viral infections resulting from treatment with blood products in hemophiliac patients have repercussions in a lower quality of life of patients with hemophilia. The infections were more frequent with increasing age, suggesting special attention to older patients.
Keywords: Hemophilia A; Hemophilia B; Adult; Comorbidity; Hepatitis; HIV infections.
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