Clinical Epidemiological Profile and Warning Signs of Dengue

Authors

  • Carolina Mariano Pompeo
  • Marisa Dias Rolan Loureiro
  • Maria Gorette dos Reis
  • Mercy da Costa Souza
  • Isabelle Campos de Azevedo Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte
  • Marcos Antonio Ferreira Júnior

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3823/2163

Keywords:

Dengue, Severe Dengue, Epidemiology, Tertiary Health Care, Infectology

Abstract

Dengue is an arbovirus transmitted to human beings by the Aedes aegypti mosquito, characterized as a systemic viral infection of rapid geographical expansion and today, it a major global infectious problem with the potential risk of death for the individuals affected. Objective: To describe the clinical and epidemiological profile and the most frequent and relevant warning signs of confirmed dengue cases occurred in Campo Grande, the capital of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), Midwestern Brazil, during 2013 epidemic. Method: This is a descriptive, analytical, cross-sectional and retrospective study conducted through analysis of patients´ records treated at two public hospitals of reference for treatment of infectious and parasitic diseases (IPD) in the city of Campo Grande/MS, Brazil, during an epidemic in 2013. Results: There were 91 confirmed cases of dengue analyzed; 86 of them met the criteria for the diagnosis of dengue with warning signs (DCWS) and five as severe dengue (SD). There was a predominance of females with 60% for cases of DCWA and 64% for SD. The age ranged from 42.65 (±2.22) for cases of DCWS and 60.40 (±6.98) years old for cases of SD. The Warning Signs associated with worsening of the disease were abrupt decreasing in platelets, dyspnea, hypothermia, confusion and psychomotor agitation. Three of the five cases of SD died (60%).Conclusion: The epidemiological situation of dengue in the city of Campo Grande/MS is configured as a public health problem. It is emphasized the importance of developing measures to control and combat of the disease, as well as entomological, sanitary and health surveillance become indispensable.

Author Biography

Isabelle Campos de Azevedo, Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte

Nurse. Master's Student in Post-Graduate Program in Nursing of the Federal University of Rio Grande do Norte. Natal/RN, Brazil.

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Published

2016-10-30

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Epidemiology

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