Ceramic Implants: a New Alternative for Dental Rehabilitation

Authors

  • Bruna Caroline Gonçalves Vasconcelos de Lacerda São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
  • Jéferson Martins Pereira Lucena Franco School of Dentistry, Centro Universitário Leão Sampaio – UNILEÃO, Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil
  • Meirilândia Ribeiro da Costa School of Dentistry, Centro Universitário Leão Sampaio – UNILEÃO, Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil.
  • Jamile de Melo Casado Pereira School of Medicine, Estácio Juazeiro do Norte - FMJ, Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil.
  • Natã Cavalcante Pereira School of Dentistry, Centro Universitário Leão Sampaio – UNILEÃO, Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil.
  • Ivo Cavalcante Pita Neto School of Dentistry, Centro Universitário Leão Sampaio – UNILEÃO, Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil. Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Centro Caririense de Pós-Graduação - CECAP - Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil.
  • Gabriela Gonçalves de Vasconcelos School of Medicine, Universidade de Pernambuco - UPE, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • Juliana Gonçalves de Vasconcelos School of Medicine, Universidade Federal do Ceará - UFC, Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil.
  • Janykelle Gonçalves de lima School of Dentistry, Centro Universitário Leão Sampaio – UNILEÃO, Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil.
  • Tiago Norões Gomes School of Dentistry, Centro Universitário Leão Sampaio – UNILEÃO, Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil. São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Centro Caririense de Pós-Graduação - CECAP - Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil.
  • John Eversong Lucena de Vasconcelos. São Leopoldo Mandic Institute and Research Center, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil. Professor, Department of Restorative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Centro Caririense de Pós-Graduação - CECAP - Juazeiro do Norte, Ceará, Brazil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3823/2118

Keywords:

Osseointegration, Zirconia implants, Dental Rehabilitation

Abstract

Titanium alloys are vastly used for fabrication of dental implants. New implant technologies are being developed due to immunological potential and possible aesthetic impairments with titanium implants. Since the end of the 1990’s, zirconia was introduced in Dentistry due to its superior biomechanical properties compared to other ceramic oxides such as alumina, representing the material of choice for the fabrication of ceramic implants. Zirconia implants symbolize an ideal alternative for patients who seek for a metal free solution. The presence of abutment/implant in the one-piece conception provides excellent functional and aesthetic results, satisfying the most elevated levels of expectations. It presents superior biocompatibility compared to titanium and other metals, being effective as a new tendency to dental rehabilitation. The aim of this work was to briefly revise the literature and present a clinical case regarding the characteristics of zirconia implants in order to reinforce the attention of oral health professionals towards this promising alternative.

References

Roehling S, Ghazal G, Borer T, Thieringer F, Gahlert M. Implant Supported Fixed Dental Prostheses Using a New Monotype Zirconia Implant—A Case Report. Dent. J. 2015; v.3(3), p. 79-92. doi:10.3390/dj3030079.

Osman RB, Ma S, Duncan W, De Silva RK, Siddiqi A, Swain MV. Fractured zirconia implants and related implant designs: scanning electron microscopy analysis. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2013, May; v.24(5), p. 592-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02411.

Gahlert M, Roehling S, Sprecher CM, Knilha H, Milz S, Bormann K. In vivo performance of zirconia and titanium implants: a histomorphometric study in mini pig maxillae. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2012, Mar; v.23(3), p.281-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2011.02157.

Siddiqi A, Payne AG, De Silva RK, Duncan WJ. Titanium allergy: could it affect dental implant integration?. Clin Oral Implants Res. 2011, Jul; v.22(7), p.673-80. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0501.2010.02081.

Javed F, Al-Hezaimi K, Almas K, Romanos GE. Is titanium sensitivity associated with allergic reactions in patients with dental implants? A systematic review. Clin Implant Dent Relat Res. 2013; Feb, v.15(1), p.47-52. doi: 10.1111/j.1708-8208.2010.00330.

Downloads

Published

2016-09-20

Issue

Section

Dental Medicine

Most read articles by the same author(s)