Application and Validation of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale – Short Form (BSES - SF) in Adolescent Mothers

Authors

  • Livia Maria Damasceno dos Santos Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Rebeca Silveira Rocha Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Anne Fayma Lopes Chaves Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Hilana Dayana Dodou Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Ana Rita Pimentel Castelo Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Sabrine Rodrigues Feitoza Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Andressa Peripolli Rodrigues Federal Institute Farroupilha/ Campus St. Angelo of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil
  • Fabiane do Amaral Gubert Federal University of Ceará - UFC
  • Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá Federal University of Ceará - UFC

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3823/2078

Keywords:

Breastfeeding, Self-efficacy, Adolescents, Reliability and Validity.

Abstract

Objectives: Check the reliability and validity of Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale - Short Form (BSES-SF) in Brazilian adolecent puerperal mothers who have recently given birth; and evaluate the association of scores of the BSES-SF with the socioeconomic and obstetric variables of the studied population.

Methods: Methodological and quantitative study developed in a public maternity in Fortaleza involving 79 adolescent puerperal mothers. The BSES-SF and a form with socioeconomic and obstetric variables were used. Data were analyzed using the SPSS program, considering the Cronbach's Alpha (α) as a measure of reliability, and Pearson's correlation, with significance of 5%.

Results: The BSES-SF is a reliable and valid measure (α = 0.807). The teenagers proved to be confident about the practice of breastfeeding (56.15 points). Only education level showed significant association with maternal self-efficacy of adolescents in breastfeeding (p = 0.032).

Conclusion: The BSES-SF is a safe and effective tool in the detection of self-efficacy of adolescent mothers in breastfeeding, favoring their assistance in the process of breastfeeding and, hence, the reduction of early weaning.

Key words: Breastfeeding; Self-efficacy; Adolescents; Reliability and Validity.

Author Biographies

Livia Maria Damasceno dos Santos, Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Nursing Department of the Federal University of Ceará

Rebeca Silveira Rocha, Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Nursing Department of the Federal University of Ceará

Anne Fayma Lopes Chaves, Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Nursing Department of the Federal University of Ceará

Hilana Dayana Dodou, Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Nursing Department of the Federal University of Ceará

Ana Rita Pimentel Castelo, Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Nursing Department of the Federal University of Ceará

Sabrine Rodrigues Feitoza, Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Nursing Department of the Federal University of Ceará

Andressa Peripolli Rodrigues, Federal Institute Farroupilha/ Campus St. Angelo of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

Nursing Department

Fabiane do Amaral Gubert, Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Nursing Department of the Federal University of Ceará

Mônica Oliveira Batista Oriá, Federal University of Ceará - UFC

Nursing Department of the Federal University of Ceará

References

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Saúde da Criança: Nutrição Infantil: Aleitamento Materno e Alimentação Complementar. 2009, [Cited 2013 Jun 10]. Available from: http://bvsms.saude.gov.br/bvs/publicacoes/saude_crianca_nutricao_aleitamento_alimentacao.pdf

Brasil. Ministério da Saúde. Estratégia Amamenta e Alimenta Brasil [internet]. Portal da Saúde. [Cited 2013 Jun 10]. Available from: http://dab.saude.gov.br/portaldab/amamenta.php

Venancio SI, Escuder MM, Saldiva SR, Giugliani ER. Breastfeeding practice in the Brazilian capital cities and the Federal District: current status and advances. J Pediatr (Rio J). 2010; 86(4): 317-24. [Cited 2013 Jun 10]. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/jped/v86n4/en_a12v86n4.pdf

Kaufmann CC, Albernaz EP, Silveira RB, Silva MB, Mascarenhas MLW. Alimentação nos primeiros três meses de vida dos bebês de uma coorte na cidade de Pelotas, Rio Grande do Sul. Rev Paul Pediatr. 2012; 30(2): 157-65. [Cited 2013 Jun 10]. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rpp/v30n2/en_02.pdf

McQueen KA, Dennis CL, Stremler R, Norman CD. A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial of a Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Intervention With Primiparous Mothers. JOGNN. 2011; 40(1): 35-46. [Cited 2013 Jun 10]. Avaliable from: http://www.jognn.org/article/S0884-2175(15)30518-9/pdf

Uchoa JL, Gomes ALA, Joventino ES, Oriá MOB, Ximenes LB, Almeida PC. Sociodemographic and obstetric history in maternal self-efficacy in nursing: a study in panel. Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing. [ Internet]. 2014, [Cited 2015 Fev 22]; 3(4): 645-55. Available from: http://www.objnursing.uff.br

Uchoa JL, Rodrigues AP, Joventino ES, Almeida PC, Oriá MOB, Ximenes LB. Autoeficácia em amamentar de mulheres no pré-natal e no pós-parto: estudo longitudinal. Rev Enferm UFSM. 2016, 6(1): 10-20. [Cited 2016 Abr 05]. Available from: http://periodicos.ufsm.br/reufsm/article/view/17687

Dennis CL. Theoretical underpinnings of breastfeeding confidence: a self-efficacy framework. Journal of Human. Lactation. 1999; 15: 195-201. [Cited 2013 Jun 10]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10578797

Dennis CL, Faux S. Development and psychometric testing of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Research in Nursing & Health. 1999; 22(5): 399-409. [Cited 2013 Jun 15]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10520192

Bandura A. Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change. Psychological Review. 1997; 84(2): 191-215. . [Cited 2013 Jun 15]. Available from: https://www.uky.edu/~eushe2/Bandura/Bandura1977PR.pdf

Dennis, CL. The Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale: Psychometric Assessment of the Short Form. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, & Neonatal Nursing. 2003; 32(6): 734–44. . [Cited 2013 Jun 15]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14649593

Oriá MOB, Ximenes LB, Almeida PC, Glick DF, Dennis CL. Psychometric assessment of the Brazilian version of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale. Public Health Nursing. 2009; 26(6): 574-83. [Cited 2013 Jun 15]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19903278

Zubaran C, Foresti K, Schumacher M, Thorell MR, Amoretti A, Muller L, et al. The Portuguese version of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form. Journal of Human Lactation. 2010; 26(3): 297-303. [Cited 2013 Jun 15]. Available from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20139376

Dennis CL, Heaman MRN, Mossman MRN. Psychometric Testing of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale-Short Form among Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health. 2011; 49: 265–71. [Cited 2013 Jun 15]. Available from: file:///C:/Users/user/Downloads/BSES-2011-Psychometric%20testing%20of%20BSES%20among%20adolescents.pdf

Caminha NO, Costa CC, Brasil RFG, Sousa DMN, Freitas LV, Damasceno AKCO. Perfil das puérperas adolescentes atendidas em uma maternidade de referência de Fortaleza- Ceará. Esc Anna Nery. 2012; 16(3): 486-92. [Cited 2013 Set 08]. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/ean/v16n3/09.pdf

Faria DGS, Zanetta DMT. Perfil de mães adolescentes de São José do Rio Preto/Brasil e cuidados na assistência pré-natal. Arq Ciênc Saúde. 2008; 15(1): 17-23. [Cited 2013 Set 20]. Available from: http://repositorio-racs.famerp.br/racs_ol/vol-15-1/IIIIDDDD259.pdf

Moreira TMM, Viana DS, Queiroz MOQ, Jorge MSB. Conflitos vivenciados pelas adolescentes com a descoberta da gravidez. Rev. Esc. Enferm. USP. 2008; 42(2): 312-20. [Cited 2013 Set 20]. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/reeusp/v42n2/a14.pdf

Barbosa MB, Palma D, Domene SMA, Taddei JAAC, Lopez FA. Fatores de risco associados ao desmame precoce e ao período de desmame em lactentes matriculados em creches. Rev Paul Pediatr. 2009; 27(3):272-81. [Cited 2014 Jan 20]. Available from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rpp/v27n3/07.pdf

Joshi A, Trout KE, Aguirre T, Wilhem S. Exploration of factors influencing initiation and continuation of breastfeeding among Hispanic women living in rural settings: a multi-methods study. Rural Remote Health. 2014; 14(3): 2955. [Cited 2014 Jun 20]. Available from: http://www.rrh.org.au/articles/subviewnew.asp?ArticleID=2955

De´Grangea M, Delebarreb D; Turckc B; Mestdaghd L; Stormeef P; Rakzad DT. Les me`res confiantes en elles allaitent-elles plus longtemps leur nouveau-ne´?. Archives de Pe´diatrie. Paris. 2015; 22, 708-717. [Cited 2016 Abr 05]. Available from: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0929693X15001578

Roig AO, Martínez MR, García JC, Hoyos SP, Navidad GL, Ãlvarez JCF, et al. Fatores associados ao abandono do aleitamento materno durante os primeiros seis meses de vida. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem. 2010; 18(3). [Cited 2014 Jun 20]. Avaliable from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rlae/v18n3/pt_12.pdf

Bizerra R, Carnaúba J, Chaves A, Rocha R, Vasconcelos H, Oriá M. Autoeficácia em amamentar entre mães adolescentes. Revista Eletrônica de Enfermagem [Internet]. 2016 [Cited 2016 Jun 17]; 17(3). Available from: https://revistas.ufg.emnuvens.com.br/fen/article/view/31061

Azevedo DS, Reis ACS, Freitas LV, Costa PB, Pinheiro PNC, Damasceno AKC. Conhecimento de primíparas sobre os benefícios do aleitamento materno. Rev RENE. 2010;11(2):53-62. [Cited 2014 Jun 20]. Avaliable from: http://www.repositorio.ufc.br/bitstream/riufc/4382/1/2010_art_lvfreitas1.pdf

Oliveira MGOA, Lira PIC, Batista Filho M, Lima MC. Fatores associados ao aleitamento materno em dois municípios com alto índice de desenvolvimento humano no Nordeste do Brasil. Rev. Bras. Epidemiologia. 2013; 16 (1):178-89. [Cited 2014 Jun 20]. Avaliable from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbepid/v16n1/en_1415-790X-rbepid-16-01-0178.pdf

Camarotti CM, Nakano MAS, Pereira CR, Medeiros CP, Monteiro JCS. Perfil da prática da amamentação em grupo de mães adolescentes. Acta Paulista Enferm. 2011; 24(1): 55-60. [Cited 2014 Jun 20]. Avaliable from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/ape/v24n1/v24n1a08.pdf

Carvalho AYC, Ximenes LB, Fontenele FC, Dodt RCM. Perfil sociodemográfico e reprodutivo de adolescentes grávidas acompanhadas na unidade básica de saúde do município de Canindé. Rev. Rene. 2009; 10(1): 53-61. [Cited 2014 Jun 20]. Avaliable from: http://www.redalyc.org/pdf/3240/324027965006.pdf

Coelho EAC, Andrade MLS, Vitoriano LVT, Souza JJ, Silva DO, Gusmão MEN, Nascimento ER, Almeida MS. Associação entre gravidez não planejada e o contexto socioeconômico de mulheres em área da Estratégia Saúde da Família. Acta Paul. Enferm. 2012; 25(3): 415-22. [Cited 2014 Jun 20]. Avaliable from: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/ape/v25n3/en_v25n3a15.pdf

Dodt RCM, Ximenes LB, Almeida PC, Oriá MOB, Dennis CL. Psychometric and maternal sociodemographic assessment of the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale - Short Form in a brazilian sample. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. 2012; 2(3): 66-73. [Cited 2014 Jun 20]. Avaliable from: http://www.sciedu.ca/journal/index.php/jnep/article/view/627/553

Fayes P, Machin D. Quality of Life: The Assessment, Analysis and Interpretation of Patient-reported Outcomes. 2ª edition. Wiley; 2007.

Field A. Discovering Statistics using SPSS. 3ª edition. London: Sage; 2009.

Downloads

Published

2016-08-29

Issue

Section

Nursing

Most read articles by the same author(s)