Cytogenotoxic and Oxidative Status Evaluation of Morinda citrifolia
Cancer is one of the most leading causes of death worldwide. Morinda citrifolia was reported to have antitumor effects. Cisplatin (CDDP), Doxorubicin (DOX) and Cyclophosphamid (CPA) are the known effective chemotherapeutics, despite of having several side effects. This study evaluated antitumoral and oxidative effects of the aqueous extract of the fruit of M. critrifolia (AEMC) (15, 30, 60 and 120 µg/mL) in comparision to CDDP (1 and 5 μg/mL), CPA (20 μg/mL), DOX (2 μg/mL) and CPA + DOX (20:2 μg/mL) in Sarcoma 180 cells and Saccharomyces cerevisiae, respectively. Cytogenetic damage and DNA fragmentation were evaluated with cytokinesis-block micronucleus assay and comet assay, respectively. In addition, S. cerevisiae strains were used in oxidative damage evaluation. AEMC induced cytogenetic damage with the increased formation of micronuclei, nuclear buds and nucleoplasmic bridges compared to the antineoplastics tested. AEMC at 120 µg/ mL induced significant (p<0.05) DNA damage in Sarcoma 180 cells similar to the CDDP, as well as oxidative damage in S. cerevisiae strain deficient in mitochondrial superoxide dismutase (Sod2∆) and cytosolic catalase (Cat1∆). The bioactive compounds present in AEMC such as gallic, caffeic, chlorogenic, ellagic acid and rutin might be responsible for AEMC’s antitumoral activity.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).