Methods for Detection of Dry Eye in Critically Ill Patients: an Integrative Review
Keywords:Diagnostic Techniques, Ophthalmological, Dry Eye Syndromes, Intensive Care Units.
Objective: To identify the best evidence for the methods used for the detection of dry eye in patients hospitalized in intensive care unit.
Method: This is an integrative review carried out from April to June 2015 in the following databases: Science Direct, SCOPUS, CINAHL, PUBMED, MEDLINE, LILACS, Cochrane and Web of Science. The final sample consisted of 19 articles.
Results: The main methods used for the detection of dry eye were: Test of Schirmer, Bengal Rose, fluorescein staining and tear film breakup time.
Conclusion: The results showed a variety of methods used, being of great value to managers, health professionals, and patients. Also, it is essential to emphasize that it is necessary to further studies with high levels of evidence so the consensus on the tests used and their measurements can be reached.
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