Influence of Low Back Pain in the Functional Capacity of Older People
Keywords:lumbar pain, disability, elderly.
Introduction: The lumbar pain is a set of painful manifestations that reach the lower back and sacroiliac, manifested in both sexes and all age groups, but increases dramatically with age, it is regarded as an important cause of disability, ranging from acute, subacute and chronic pain.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the influence of lumbar pain in the functional capacity of elderly residents in the city of Cajazeiras â€“ PB.
Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study, analytical with a quantitative approach, conducted with 43 elderly patients with lumbar pain attended at the elderly pastoral meetings of St John Bosco church in the city of Cajazeiras - PB. It was used as a collection tool a questionnaire with socio demographic data, the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Roland-Morris disability questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using the computer program SPSS version 20.0, and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.
Results: It was observed that most of the elderly were female, widowed, illiterate and predominant age group being 71-82 years old. The pain was classified as intense (39.53%) for most of the sample and through the Roland-Morris was established that all participants showed some degree of disability, and (62.6%) had severe disability.Conclusion: Through this study it was found that low back pain generates significant influence on the functional capacity of the elderly, it is important to develop actions aimed to health promoting and preventing and consequently improving the quality of life of this age group.
Silveira MM, Pasqualotti A, Colussi EL, Vidmar MF, Wibelinger LM, et al. Physical therapy approach to low back pain. Journal of health sciences. 2010 July / September; (25).
Schmidt TCG Silva MJP. Perception and understanding of health professionals and students on the elderly and human aging. Rev. esc. enferm. USP [online]. 2011; 46 (3): 612-617.
Mendes MRSS, Gusmao JL, Faro ACM, RCBO Leite, et al. The social situation of the elderly in Brazil: A brief consideration. Acta Paul Enferm. 2005; 18 (4): 422-6.
Dellaroza MSG, CAM pepper, Matsuo T. Prevalence and characterization of chronic pain in non-institutionalized elderly. Cad. Public health. 2007 May; 23 (5): 1151-1160.
Veras R. Population aging today: demands, challenges and innovations. Rev. Public health. 2009; 43 (3): 548-554.
Rabelo DF, Cardoso CM. Self-efficacy, chronic diseases and functional disability in old age. Psycho-USF, 2007 Jan. / June; 12 (1): 78-81.
Camara FM, Gerez AG, Miranda MLJ, Velardi, et al. Functional capacity of the elderly: assessment methods and trends. Acta Fisiatra. 2008; 15 (4): 249 â€“ 256.
Caraviello EZ, Wassertein S, Chamlian TR, Masiero D, et al. Evaluation of pain and function in patients with low back pain treated with a back school program. Acta.Fisiatra, 2005; 12 (1) 11-14.
Ocarino JM, GonÃ§alves GGP, Vaz DV, Cabral AAV, Porto JV, Silva MT, et al. Correlation between functional performance questionnaire and physical impairment testing in patients with low back pain. Brazilian Journal of Physiotherapy. 2009 Jul / Aug; 13 (4): 343-349.
Mascarenhas CM, Santos, LS. Assessment of pain and functional capacity in patients with chronic low back pain. J.Health Sci Inst.2011.; 29 (3): 205-208.
Berni AD. Technical Research in Economics. Sao Paulo: Saraiva; 2002.
Junior JJS, Nicholas MK, Pimenta AM, Asghari A, Thieme AL, et al. Inability questionnaire validation ROLAND-MORIS for pain in general. Rev. Pain. 2010; 11 (1): 28-36.
Bento AAC, Paiva ACS, Siqueira FB. Correlation between disability, pain - Roland Morris, and functional capacity - SF-36 in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. E-Scientia. 2009;2 (1).
Brazil. Resolution 196 / 96de October 10, 1996. Deals with the guidelines and regulatory standards for research involving human beings. National Health Council, BrasÃlia, DF. 10 / 0ut / 1996.
Martins JJ, Albuquerque GL, Nascimento ERP, Barra DCC, Souza WGA, Pacheco WNS, et al. Health education needs of caregivers of elderly people at home. Context text in enferm. 2007 April-June; 16 (2): 254-62.
Reis LA, Torres GV, Reis LA. Sociodemographic characteristics and health of seniors by an institution of JequiÃ© / BA. Magazine space for health. 2008 Jun; 9 (2): 39-46.
Aires M, Paskulin LMG, Morais EP. Functional capacity of older elderly: a comparative study in three regions of Rio Grande do Sul Rev. Latino-Am.. Nursing. 2009 Jan / Feb; 18 (1): [07 screens].
Brazil. Ministry of Health. Department of Health Care. Department of Programmatic and Strategic Actions. Health care for the elderly and aging person /
Technical Area Health of the Elderly. - Brasilia, 2010.
Trelha CS, Nakaoski T, Franco SS, Dellaroza MSG, Yamada KN, Cabrera M, Mesas AE, Gaetan CCB, et al. Functional capacity of restricted elderly to the whole home Ruy Virmond Carnascialli, Londrina / PR. Semina: Biological Sciences SaÃºde.2005 Jan. / June; 26 (1): 37-46.
Pedrazzi EC, Rodrigues RAP, Schiaveto FV. Morbidity and functional capacity of the elderly. Cienc Nursing health. 2007 Oct / ten: 6 (4): 407-413.
Neri AL. Aging and quality of life in women. In: Neri AL. (Org.). Development and aging. Campinas: Papirus; 2001; 161-200.
Inouye K, Pedrazzani ES. Level of education, socioeconomic status and evaluation of some dimensions of quality of life of octogenarians. Rev. Latino-am nursing. 2007 Sep - Oct; 15 (Esp): 742-7.
Ponte C. Low Back Pain in primary care: Its relationship with sociodemographic characteristics. Portuguese Journal of General Practice. 2005; 21: 259-267.
Silva MC, Fassa ACG, Valle NCJ. Chronic low back pain in an adult population in southern Brazil: prevalence and associated factors. Public Health documents. 2004 Mar / Apr; 20 (2): 377-385.
Camargos MCS, Rodrigues RN, Machado CJ. Elderly, family and home: A narrative review of living alone. R.bras.Est.pop.2011 Jan. / June; 28 (1): 217-230.
Pedrazzi EC, Motta TTD, Vendruscolo TRP, Wehbe SCCF, Cruz IR, Rodrigues RAP, et al. Home arrangement of the oldest elderly.Rev.latino-Am.Enfermagem.2010 January / Feb; 18 (1): [08 screens].
Nunes MCR, Ribeiro RCL, Rosado LEFPL, Franceschini SC, et al.Influence of socio-demographic and epidemiological characteristics on the functional capacity of elderly residents in Uba, Minas Gerais.Rev.Bras.Fisioter. 2009; 13 (5): 376-82.
Mann L, Kleinpaul JF, Weber P, Mota PB, Carpes FP, et al. Training efect of
Isostretching on chronic low back pain: a case study. Motriz.2009; 15 (1): 50-60.
Abreu AM. Translation and Cultural Adaptation to the Portugueses Language of the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) in Chronic Low Back Pain carriers. [Dissertation]. University of Franca; France; 2006.
Kovacs F M, et al. Correlation Between Pain, Disability and Quality of live in Patients with Common Low Back Pain. Spine.2004; 29 (20): 206-210.
Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:
- Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under aÂ Creative Commons Attribution LicenseÂ that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (SeeÂ The Effect of Open AccessÂ and Benefits of Publishing Open Access).