Socio-Demographic Factors and Health Seeking Behaviour of Clients: a Retrospective Analysis of HIV Data in Rural Ghana
Keywords:Hiv, Hiv/Aids, Vct, Data Analysis, Talensi District Hospital.
Background: HIV/AIDS care, treatment and prevention is criticalÂ in controlling the HIV menace in Ghana. This study investigated theÂ socio-demographic factors and health seeking pattern of HIV clientsÂ in rural Ghana.
Methods: This was a retrospective longitudinal study that analysedÂ secondary data from 102 HIV clients in Talensi District Hospital collected between February and April, 2015 in rural Ghana. HIV data wasÂ analysed descriptively using Epi Info 7.
Â Results: The analysis revealed that more females, 69.6% (71/102) andÂ married couples, 51.9% (53/102) were infected than their male, 30.3%Â (31/102) and single, 19.6% (20/102) counterparts respectively. Most ofÂ the clients had primary/no education, 87.3% (89/102) whilst 12.7%Â (13/102) of the clients had secondary/higher education. 68.6% (70/102)Â of clients became aware of their status through diagnostic HIV testingÂ with only 2% (2/102) of clients who became aware of their status byÂ walk in voluntary counselling and testing. Majority of the clients hadÂ medical insurance, 76.4 % (78/102) with 22.6% (23/102) of clients
who made payment out of their pocket for treatment. Majority of theÂ clients came from neighbouring districts, 62.7% (64/102) to seek careÂ although such services were rendered at their respective districts.
Conclusion: This study has provided evidence on the need forÂ health facilities in rural Ghana to intensify education on HIV preventiveÂ methods to rural communities as well as discourage the stigmatizationÂ of people living with HIV/AIDS. It is also important to educate peopleÂ in rural communities on the availability of voluntary counselling andÂ testing centres and encourage them to know their status.
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