Impact of Musculoskeletal Injury in Students of Police Academy a Cohort Study
Keywords:Iinjury, Police, Incidence
Question: Officers working in operating activities (in the streets) are more exposed to injury when compared to officers who perform non-operational activities (administration or civilians)?
Design: Prospective cohort study.
Participants: Two hundred and twenty cadets of the Police Academy.
Intervention: The officers were separated into an exposed group called the operational (activities in the streets) and other not exposed group called not operational (administration or civilians). Both were followed for one year.
Outcome measures: Several risk factors for the appearance of lesions were collected, among them, the anthropometric data, aerobic strength and individual history. Several risk factors for the appearance of lesions were collected, among them, the anthropometric data, aerobic strength and individual history. The individual history through a self-administered questionnaire, the aerobic through the cooper test resistance and anthropometric data through cutaneous folds and body mass index.
Results: Perform operating activities is not a risk factor for injuries in police. Factors such as aerobic endurance (p = 0.894) and being overweight (p = 0.165) are not associated with the emergence of injuries in police. Age and working time the police are factors associated with the onset of injury. The incidence of injury was 20.2%, consistent with findings in the literature.
Conclusion: The work is the first cohort of Brazil with police. The location of the lesions and the incidence are consistent with international results. The officers working on the streets have no more injuries compared those working in administrative functions or are civilians. There need to control the training loads.
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