Oral Sensorimotor System in Patients with Facial Lipoatrophy Living with AIDS

Authors

  • Karina Viviani de Oliveira Pessôa
  • Walter Henrique Martins
  • Marcos Alberto Martins
  • Mariliza Henrique da Silva
  • Luiz Gonzaga Martins Filho
  • Mitsue Shimose
  • Valdelias Xavier Pereira
  • Edgar Bittner Silva
  • Vitor E Valenti
  • Ítalla Maria Pinheiro Bezerra
  • Luiz Carlos de Abreu

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3823/1617

Keywords:

Lipodystrophy, Facial Lipoatrophy, HIV, AIDS, Oral Sensorimotor System

Abstract

Introduction: Lipodystrophy Syndrome in people living with AIDS is characterized by body fat redistribution and metabolic abnormalities and is associated with the use of antiretroviral therapy (ART). It is socially and psychologically impacting once it reduces the quality of life of those who develop it. The prevalence varies from 6% to 69%.
Objective: Characterize the Oral Sensorimotor System in patients with Facial Lipoatrophy living with AIDS.
Methods: Cross-sectional convenience sample study. Sixty-four patients living with AIDS treated in the Lipodystrophy Clinic were clinically evaluated by the infectious disease physician and by the speech language pathologist. The Oral Sensorimotor System structures were evaluated through the Orofacial Assessment Protoco.
Results: Changes in tone and mobility are associated with loss of subcutaneous fat.
Conclusions: Changes presented in the morphology and function of the Oral Sensoriomotor System are associated with facial Lipoatrophy in patients living with AIDS.

Author Biography

Karina Viviani de Oliveira Pessôa

Programa Municipal de DST/AIDS e Hepatites Virais de São Bernardo do Campo, SP. Brasil.

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Published

2015-05-25

Issue

Section

Infectious Diseases

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