The changing microbiological and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of cerebrospinal fluid organism isolates in a teaching hospital, Tangerang, Indonesia
Keywords:antimicrobial, susceptibility, neurosurgical procedures, CNS infections
Central nervous system (CNS) infections have become serious problems that contribute to morbidity and mortality in developing countries. In the recent years, antimicrobial resistance has arisen parallel with the changing trend of infectious pathogens, which resulted in the unavailability of an ideal antimicrobial agent. This study was designed to evaluate the central nervous system pathogens and their susceptibility profile using routine microbiological data. The data of CSF culture and susceptibility testing were collected from January 2010 to August 2015. The majority of eligible sample 68/99 (68.7%) had history of neurosurgical procedures. The most common pathogens isolated were coagulase negative staphylococci (CoNS) 39/99 (39.4%) followed by Acinetobacter baumanii 10/99 (10.1%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa 7/99 (7.1%), Sphingomonas paucimobilis 5/99 (5.0%), and Aeromonas salmonocida 4/99 (4.0%). Almost of all Gram positive cocci were susceptible to tigecycline, linezolide, vancomycin, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. Most Gram negative bacilli (GNB) in this study were multi-drug resistant with high susceptibility level to amikacin, tigecycline, and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. The overall susceptibility testing to cephalosporins was low, ranging 34.2% to 58.5%. The susceptibility to several antifungal remained high for Candida spp. and Cryptococcus neoformans. The present study notifies the changing pathogens trend of CNS infections along with their antimicrobial susceptibility level in our hospital. There is a need of local antimicrobial recommendation and surveillance system to control the usage of antimicrobial and selection of empirical antimicrobial therapy.
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