Risk Factors for Type II Diabetes Mellitus: an Integrative Review
Objective: To identify the evidence available in the literature on the factors of risk for type II diabetes mellitus.
Method: There was an integrative review of the literature in the following databases: PubMed, LILACS, SciELO and Scopus, using the descriptors type II diabetes mellitus and factors of risk in Portuguese and English. The research returned 504 articles from 2006 to 2016. After inclusion and exclusion criteria, one obtained 14 studies, which compose the study sample.
Results: Of the studies included in the review, 21.4% were in 2011 and 2015. Regarding the method, 57.0%, were cross-sectional studies. The prevalent qualis was the category A. In all studies, there were factors of risk for T2DM.
Conclusion: By analyzing the studies, it was possible to identify a wide range of factors of risk found in the literature, showing what can favor the development of the disease and the possible means to build preventive and promotional strategies for groups prone to develop that problem.
Descriptors: Diabetes; Type II Diabetes Mellitus; Factors of risk.
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