Multiple Trauma Patient Safety in the Emergency Care: Scoping Review
Background: To summarize the scientific evidence on the influence of safe nursing care to multiple trauma patients in the emergency care. Methods: Scoping review using the strategy P (Population) C (Concept) C (Context) and performed in PubMed, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Scopus and Web of Science in June 2016. Results: The sample was composed of 43 articles, with most of them being descriptive (n=35; 81.4%), quantitative approach (n=32; 74.4%), level of evidence 4 (n=35; 81.4%) and recommendation grade A (n=40; 93.0%). The structure pointed to the availability of equipment for performing imaging and laboratory functioning (n=18; 41.9%). The process highlighted the completion of the screening in the emergency department (n=20; 46.5%). The result showed the great waiting time of patients to treatment (n=4; 9.3%) and dissatisfaction of professionals regarding the care provided and the working conditions (n=4; 9.3%). Conclusions: The triad structure-process-result of the emergency services have problems able to compromise the security of critically ill patients.
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