Health-Related Quality of Life in Elderly Chronic Kidney Disease Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis


  • Georgia Alcântara Alencar Melo Federal University of Ceara
  • Renan Alves Silva Federal University of Ceara
  • Francisco Gilberto Fernandes Pereira Federal University of Ceara
  • Sarah de Lima Pinto Federal University of Ceara
  • Isabel Ferreira Neta Nephron
  • Leonardo Alexandrino Silva Federal University of Ceara
  • Viviane Martins Silva Federal University of Ceara
  • Joselany Áfio Caetano Federal University of Ceara



Renal Insufficiency. Aging. Hemodialysis. Quality of Life.


Objective: evaluating the quality of life of elderly chronic kidney disease patients undergoing hemodialysis treatment. Methods: It was a descriptive and transversal study performed with 58 patients in a hemodialysis center. The World Health Organization Quality of Life - bref (Whoqol-bref) questionnaire was used to measure the quality of life of the participants of the study. Data were analyzed descriptively, using SPSS version 21. Results: the majority of the participants were male (62%); aged between 60 and 75 years (84%); married (58%); retired or receiving illness aid (80%); Catholic (86%). Most patients had at least four years of formal education (80%); received between one and two Brazilian minimum wage (77%); classified their health as “fragile†or “very fragile†(58%); had been on hemodialysis for more than a year (80%), and its prevalence was 60% between one and six years. The arteriovenous fistula was present in 88% of the patients. High blood pressure was the main primary cause of the chronic kidney disease in 48.64% of the patients. Regarding the quality of life of the elderly patients measured by the Whoqol-bref questionnaire, the Physical was the most affected domain with an average of 43.94. It was found a significant statistical difference between quality of life of the elderly chronic kidney disease patients and years of formal education in the following domains: Social Relationships (p=0.001), Environment (p=0.029) and General Quality of Life (p=0.013). A significant statistical difference was also reported between quality of life of elderly chronic kidney disease patients and family income in the Environment (p=0.006) and General Quality of Life domains (p=0.031). Conclusions: studies on quality of life offer strategies to health workers that allow them to measure physical, psychological, social and environmental necessities in a way to meet the real needs of elderly patients undergoing renal therapy.

Author Biographies

Georgia Alcântara Alencar Melo, Federal University of Ceara

Depertment of nursing

Renan Alves Silva, Federal University of Ceara

Department of nursing

Francisco Gilberto Fernandes Pereira, Federal University of Ceara

Department of nursing

Sarah de Lima Pinto, Federal University of Ceara

Department of nursing

Leonardo Alexandrino Silva, Federal University of Ceara

Department of nursing

Viviane Martins Silva, Federal University of Ceara

Department of nursing

Joselany Áfio Caetano, Federal University of Ceara

Department of nursing


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