Influence of Low Back Pain in the Functional Capacity of Older People

Authors

  • Ana Paula Vieira de Lucena Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.
  • Dannielle Santiago de Souza Leão Fernandes Teacher in Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.
  • Elicarlos Marques Nunes Teacher Department of Nursing of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Juliane de Oliveira Costa Nóbre Teacher Department of Nursing of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Elvis Costa Crispiniano Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Ana Carolina Miranda Luna Marques Teacher Department of Physical Therapy, Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.
  • Nicoly Negreiros de Siqueira Mariano Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Vandezita Dantas de Medeiros Mazzaro Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Adriano Moura de Menezes Dantas Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Samara Campos de Assis Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Celio Diniz Machado Neto Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.
  • Manuela Carla de Souza Lima Daltro Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College (PB), Brazil.
  • Jamili Anbar Torquato Teacher University Cruzeiro do Sul, São Paulo, Brasil.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.3823/1880

Keywords:

lumbar pain, disability, elderly.

Abstract

Introduction: The lumbar pain is a set of painful manifestations that reach the lower back and sacroiliac, manifested in both sexes and all age groups, but increases dramatically with age, it is regarded as an important cause of disability, ranging from acute, subacute and chronic pain.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the influence of lumbar pain in the functional capacity of elderly residents in the city of Cajazeiras – PB.

Methodology: This is a cross-sectional study, analytical with a quantitative approach, conducted with 43 elderly patients with lumbar pain attended at the elderly pastoral meetings of St John Bosco church in the city of Cajazeiras - PB. It was used as a collection tool a questionnaire with socio demographic data, the visual analogue scale (VAS) and the Roland-Morris disability questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using the computer program SPSS version 20.0, and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics.

Results: It was observed that most of the elderly were female, widowed, illiterate and predominant age group being 71-82 years old. The pain was classified as intense (39.53%) for most of the sample and through the Roland-Morris was established that all participants showed some degree of disability, and (62.6%) had severe disability.

Conclusion: Through this study it was found that low back pain generates significant influence on the functional capacity of the elderly, it is important to develop actions aimed to health promoting and preventing and consequently improving the quality of life of this age group.

Author Biographies

Ana Paula Vieira de Lucena, Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.

Student's undergraduate in physical therapy

Dannielle Santiago de Souza Leão Fernandes, Teacher in Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.

Physiotherapist. Specialist in Traumatology and Orthopaedics.

Elicarlos Marques Nunes, Teacher Department of Nursing of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.

Nurse. Master in Public Health. Assistance in Emergency Mobile Service and Teacher of Nursing and Public Health.

Juliane de Oliveira Costa Nóbre, Teacher Department of Nursing of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.

Nurse. Master in health sciences from the Faculty of medical sciences of Santa Casa de São Paulo

Elvis Costa Crispiniano, Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.

Physiotherapist. Master in Health Sciences, Faculty Cruzeiro do Sul.

Ana Carolina Miranda Luna Marques, Teacher Department of Physical Therapy, Santa Maria School, Cajazeiras - PB, Brazil.

Physiotherapist. Master's Degree in Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Holy House of São Paulo.

Nicoly Negreiros de Siqueira Mariano, Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.

Doctor. Master's Degree in Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Holy House of São Paulo.

Vandezita Dantas de Medeiros Mazzaro, Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.

Doctor. Master's Degree in Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Holy House of São Paulo.

Adriano Moura de Menezes Dantas, Teacher Department of Medicine of the Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.

Doctor. Master in Public Health, Faculty of Medicine of ABC.

Samara Campos de Assis, Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.

Physiotherapist.

Celio Diniz Machado Neto, Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College, Patos (PB), Brazil.

Physiotherapist. Master in Health Sciences, Faculty of Medical Sciences of the Holy House of São Paulo.

Manuela Carla de Souza Lima Daltro, Teacher Department of Physical Therapy of Patos Integrated College (PB), Brazil.

Physiotherapist. Master in Health Sciences in Medical Sciences School of the Holy House of São Paulo.

Jamili Anbar Torquato, Teacher University Cruzeiro do Sul, São Paulo, Brasil.

University Cruzeiro do Sul, São Paulo, Brasil.

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Published

2016-02-10

Issue

Section

Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

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